Mahoning Valley - Longtime Democratic Stronghold In Ohio - Played Key Role In Trump's Win

Nov 15, 2016

Donald Trump’s campaign had targeted northeast Ohio in trying to build a win in this key swing state. Though Hillary Clinton won about 15,000 more votes, Trump won 17 of the 20 counties in the region. And he won big in an area Democrats usually dominate – the Mahoning Valley.

It’s moving day at the Trumbull County Republican Party, which is decamping from the space it rented for the election on the courthouse square in downtown Warren. The chairs and tables, the Trump-Pence signs and banners and the full-size cutout of Donald Trump are all going back to the party’s smaller offices nearby. Trumbull County Republican Party chair Randy Law looked around and got nostalgic when thinking back on how his army of hundreds of volunteers delivered the county for a Republican candidate for president – for the first time since 1972.  “We in Trumbull County knocked on over 55,000 doors. Most of our own people don’t even know that," Law said. "I did chuckle occasionally when I’d see ‘there’s no ground game in Ohio’.” Trump won Trumbull County with a little over 51% of the vote – a dramatic flip from 2012, when President Obama won with more than 60% of the vote.

Just south of Trumbull County in Mahoning County, the scene is different. The Mahoning County Democratic Party headquarters near downtown Youngstown is in a nondescript office building next to a bowling alley on a busy street dotted with strip malls, small bars and fast food restaurants. There’s absolutely no signage indicating Hillary Clinton’s win here. The chair of the Mahoning County Democratic Party is back at work at his law office six miles away in Canfield. David Betras is dressed casually today in a t-shirt and sweatsuit, but his message is very serious – he said he tried to warn the national party what was ahead, and no one was listening. “I detected this coming in the primary and waved my arms and was screaming at the train coming down the tracks, but I guess my voice wasn’t loud enough," Betras said.  Clinton won Mahoning County with 49% of the vote, beating Trump by one point. But President Obama defeated Mitt Romney by 28 points, with more than 63% of the vote. 

Law and Betras don’t agree on much – but they do go along with the assessment of Paul Sracic, the chair of the Youngstown State University Department of Politics and International Relations. He says he’s told people this for years: "There is nothing that’s seemed more evil in this valley than NAFTA, that NAFTA is less popular than Osama bin Laden," Sracic said. "And I think these people in this area were waiting for a candidate who would be their champion against free trade.”

Betras said he thinks voters felt the Democratic Party cared more about transgender rights and bathrooms than jobs. And Betras said he knew Mahoning Valley would tip to Trump when Trump was blasting trade deals and Clinton had no defense – which made Trump like dirty water to a parched population.  “At least he was talking to them about jobs and about how the North American Free Trade Agreement sucked our jobs and how all of our jobs were going to Mexico.  He was saying, ‘I know you’re thirsty – have this water. And oh by the way, I’m a misogynist, I’m a homophobic, I’m a xenophobe and I’m a racist.’ But that was secondary to them,” Betras said.

Law said Trump was the right messenger on the trade issue, so he wasn’t surprised at Trump’s wins in the Mahoning Valley either – but he thinks this election has caused a permanent change for this longtime Democratic stronghold. “People vote their pocketbook and their family’s pocketbook. The other issues are big too. This is a very conservative area, if you will – always has been, even though it’s gone Democrat," Law said. "And to see our union brothers and sisters come in here and be willing to say, ‘we’re going to take a look at the candidate this time’ – that’s what we’ve been preaching.” Trump won union households in Ohio by 12% over Clinton – and he won those Ohio union households by a bigger margin than he won non-union households.

But Betras strongly disagrees that the Mahoning Valley is conservative, saying that while Trump may have done well, local Democrats crushed Republican candidates. Sracic, the political science professor, agrees with Betras that it’ll be tough for a Republican to win a local or Statehouse race in the Valley for the foreseeable future. But Sracic thinks if trade is the issue and the parties come forward in 2020 with similar approaches, the next presidential contest could bring similar results.